Joseph Farquharson, Scottish painter, 1903. Oil on canvas, 82 cm × 120 cm, (32 in × 47 in). Private collection.
Joseph Farquharson, Scottish painter, 1903
Oil on canvas, 82 cm × 120 cm, (32 in × 47 in)
- Great Britain
Imperial Library in the Hofburg palace in Vienna, Austria. 18th century. .
Imperial Library in the Hofburg palace in Vienna, Austria
From the Capitoline Museums, at the Getty Villa. Greek, 325–300 B.C. Restored in Rome in 1594. To [...]
From the Capitoline Museums, at the Getty Villa. Greek, 325–300 B.C., Restored in Rome in 1594. To judge from the subject matter and style, the animal group was probably made in northern Greece or Asia Minor (present-day Turkey) following Alexander the Great's conquest of the Persian Empire. Much admired by Michelangelo Buonarroti (Italian, 1475–1564), who pronounced it 'most marvelous'.
Carl Frithjof Smith, 1892. Oil on canvas. 136 cm x 183 cm. Civico Museo Revoltella, Trieste.
Carl Frithjof Smith, 1892
Oil on canvas
136 cm x 183 cm
Civico Museo Revoltella, Trieste
This sculpture has been excavated in the remains of public baths originally constructed under the em [...]
This sculpture has been excavated in the remains of public baths originally constructed under the emperor Nero in A.D. 62, which were located in the vicinity of the Pantheon. Restorations made during the early 17th century.
Jules Gabriel Verne - born 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playw [...]
Jules Gabriel Verne - born 8 February 1828 – 24 March 1905) was a French novelist, poet, and playwright.
Verne's collaboration with the publisher Pierre-Jules Hetzel led to the creation of the Voyages extraordinaires, a widely popular series of scrupulously researched adventure novels including Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864), Twenty Thousand Leagues Under the Sea (1870), and Around the World in Eighty Days (1873).
Verne is generally considered a major literary author in France and most of Europe, where he has had a wide influence on the literary avant-garde and on surrealism. His reputation was markedly different in Anglophone regions where he had often been labeled a writer of genre fiction or children's books, largely because of the highly abridged and altered translations in which his novels have often been printed (until the 1980s, when his "literary reputation ... began to improve").
Verne has been the second most-translated author in the world since 1979, ranking between Agatha Christie and William Shakespeare. He has sometimes been called the "Father of Science Fiction", a title that has also been given to H. G. Wells, Mary Shelley, and Hugo Gernsback.
Edgar Allan Poe born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, edito [...]
Edgar Allan Poe born Edgar Poe; January 19, 1809 – October 7, 1849) was an American writer, editor, and literary critic. Poe is best known for his poetry and short stories, particularly his tales of mystery and the macabre. He is widely regarded as a central figure of Romanticism in the United States and of American literature as a whole, and he was one of the country's earliest practitioners of the short story. He is generally considered the inventor of the detective fiction genre and is further credited with contributing to the emerging genre of science fiction. He was the first well-known American writer to earn a living through writing alone, resulting in a financially difficult life and career.
Poe was born in Boston, the second child of actors David and Elizabeth "Eliza" Arnold Hopkins Poe. His father abandoned the family in 1810, and his mother died the following year. Thus orphaned, the child was taken in by John and Frances Allan of Richmond, Virginia. They never formally adopted him, but he was with them well into young adulthood. Tension developed later as John Allan and Edgar Poe repeatedly clashed over debts, including those incurred by gambling, and the cost of Poe's secondary education. He attended the University of Virginia but left after a year due to lack of money. Edgar Poe quarreled with John Allan over the funds for his education and enlisted in the Army in 1827 under an assumed name. It was at this time that his publishing career began with the anonymous collection Tamerlane and Other Poems (1827), credited only to "a Bostonian". Edgar Poe and John Allan reached a temporary rapprochement after the death of Frances Allan in 1829. Poe later failed as an officer cadet at West Point, declaring a firm wish to be a poet and writer, and he ultimately parted ways with John Allan.
Poe switched his focus to prose and spent the next several years working for literary journals and periodicals, becoming known for his own style of literary criticism. His work forced him to move among several cities, including Baltimore, Philadelphia, and New York City. He married his 13-year-old cousin, Virginia Clemm, in 1836. In January 1845, Poe published his poem "The Raven" to instant success, but Virginia died of tuberculosis two years after its publication.
Poe planned for years to produce his own journal The Penn (later renamed The Stylus), but before it could be produced, he died in Baltimore on October 7, 1849, at age 40. The cause of his death is unknown and has been variously attributed to alcohol, "brain congestion", cholera, drugs, heart disease, rabies, suicide, tuberculosis, and other causes.
Poe and his works influenced literature around the world, as well as specialized fields such as cosmology and cryptography. He and his work appear throughout popular culture in literature, music, films, and television. A number of his homes are dedicated museums today. The Mystery Writers of America present an annual award known as the Edgar Award for distinguished work in the mystery genre.
William Shakespeare, English playwright. Oil painting (1847) by Louis Coblitz. (National Museum of t [...]
William Shakespeare, English playwright. Oil painting (1847) by Louis Coblitz. (National Museum of the Palace of Versailles.)
William Shakespeare is the most played, read and commented playwright in the world. Combining the sublime and the grotesque, that which in English is nicknamed "the Bard" is astonishing by the richness and the penetrating charm of the style, by the mastery of the dramatic construction as well as by the profusion of characters.
William Shakespeare, baptized on April 26, 1564 in Stratford-upon-Avon and died on April 23, 1616 (May 3, 1616 in the Gregorian calendar) in the same city, is considered one of the greatest poets, playwrights and writers of the English culture. He is renowned for his mastery of poetic and literary forms, as well as his ability to represent aspects of human nature.
A prominent figure in Western culture, Shakespeare continues to influence artists today. It is translated into a large number of languages and, according to the Index Translationum, with a total of 4,281 translations, it ranks third among the most translated authors after Agatha Christie and Jules Verne. His plays are regularly performed all over the world. Shakespeare is one of the rare playwrights to have performed both comedy and tragedy.
- Great Britain
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, dit Molière, is a French actor and playwright, baptized on January 15, 1622 [...]
Jean-Baptiste Poquelin, dit Molière, is a French actor and playwright, baptized on January 15, 1622 in Paris, where he died on February 17, 1673.
Coming from a family of Parisian merchants, he joined at the age of 21 with a dozen comrades, including the actress Madeleine Béjart, to form the troupe of the Illustrious Theater which, despite the collaboration of renowned playwrights, did not succeed to win in Paris. For thirteen years, Molière and his friends Béjart roam the southern provinces of the kingdom in an itinerant troop maintained by several successive protectors. During this period, Molière composed some farces or small comedies and his first two large comedies. Returning to Paris in 1658, he quickly became, at the head of his troop, the actor and favorite author of the young Louis XIV and his court, for whom he designed numerous shows, in collaboration with the best scenic architects, choreographers and musicians of the time. He died at the age of 51, a few hours after having for the fourth time held the title role of The Imaginary .
Victor Hugo is a French poet, playwright, writer, novelist and designer, born February 26, 1802 (7 v [...]
Victor Hugo is a French poet, playwright, writer, novelist and designer, born February 26, 1802 (7 ventôse year X according to the republican calendar still in force2) in Besançon and died May 22, 1885 in Paris. He is considered one of the most important French-language writers. He is also a politician and a committed intellectual who had a major ideological role and occupies a prominent place in the history of French literature in the 19th century, in genres and fields of remarkable variety.
Antoine Henri Becquerel (December 15, 1852, Paris - August 25, 1908, Le Croisic, France) is a French [...]
Antoine Henri Becquerel (December 15, 1852, Paris - August 25, 1908, Le Croisic, France) is a French physicist. He was awarded half the 1903 Nobel Prize in physics (shared with Marie Curie and her husband Pierre Curie).
In 1896, Becquerel discovered radioactivity by chance, while he was researching the fluorescence of uranium salts. On a suggestion from Henri Poincaré, he sought to determine if this phenomenon was of the same nature as X-rays. It is by observing a photographic plate brought into contact with the material that he realizes that she is even impressed when the material has not been subjected to sunlight: the material emits its own radiation without requiring excitation by light. This radiation was called hyperphosphorescence. He announced his results on March 2, 1896, a few days ahead of the work of Silvanus P. Thompson who was working in parallel on the same subject in London. This discovery earned him the Rumford medal in 1900
- European science
Pierre-Simon de Laplace or Pierre-Simon Laplace, Count Laplace, then 1st Marquis de Laplace, born Ma [...]
Pierre-Simon de Laplace or Pierre-Simon Laplace, Count Laplace, then 1st Marquis de Laplace, born March 23, 1749 in Beaumont-en-Auge and died March 5, 1827 in Paris, is a mathematician, astronomer, physicist and politician French.
Laplace was one of the main scientists of the Napoleonic period. Indeed, he has made fundamental contributions in different fields of mathematics, astronomy and probability theory. He was one of the most influential scientists of his time, notably through his assertion of determinism. He contributed decisively to the emergence of mathematical astronomy, taking up and extending the work of his predecessors in his Treatise on Celestial Mechanics (1799-1825). This major work, in five volumes, transformed the geometric approach to mechanics developed by Newton into an approach based on mathematical analysis.
In 1799, he was appointed Minister of the Interior under the Consulate. Napoleon I gave him the title of Count of the Empire in 1808. In 1817 he was made a Marquis by Louis XVIII, after the restoration of the Bourbons.
- European science
Portrait of Maria Skłodowska-Curie (November 7, 1867 – July 4, 1934), sometime prior to 1907. Cur [...]
Portrait of Maria Skłodowska-Curie (November 7, 1867 – July 4, 1934), sometime prior to 1907. Curie and her husband Pierre shared a Nobel Prize in Physics in 1903. Working together, she and her husband isolated Polonium. Pierre died in 1907, but Marie continued her work, namely with Radium, and received a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1911. Her death is mainly attributed to excess exposure to radiation.
- European science
- Women throught time
Women throught time
Dreaming of a new "Golden Age"The Belle Époque was a peaceful and economic prosperity period that started in 1871 and ended with [...]
The genetic causes, ethnic origins and history of red hairRed hair is a recessive genetic trait caused by a series of mutations in the melanocortin 1 receptor [...]
Living Masters – the top realist painters working today“I didn’t know people still painted like that.” - There has been a quiet return to an older wa [...]
Rome’s Verano Monumental CemeteryWhen and if a cemetery in Rome gets mentioned, it’s usually the Non-Catholic Cemetery, where Keats [...]
20 Handmade Dolls Tell the History of FashionThis is the story of how a series of exquisite handmade dolls, representing the history of French ha [...]
The “Beau Monde” High Fashion of the 18th CenturyOn August 1, 1714, Queen Anne of Great Britain drew her last breath, and the first of a series of Ge [...]